Application for Citizenship

Because of revisions to the Citizen Act that went into effect in 2017, application for Canadian citizenship has become a faster and easier procedure than in previous years.

Those seeking to become Canadian citizens, like those seeking permanent residency, must first apply to Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Applicants who fulfill the qualifying criteria will be required to take and succeed in the citizenship exam. The IRCC will give citizen candidates with a study guide to assist them to pass the 30-minute test. Applicants underneath the age of 18 will be exempt from taking the test.

Citizens will be asked to produce any appropriate (original) papers related to their permanent residency in Canada, immigration documents, picture identity, and passport in order to be permitted to the exam room. No photocopies will be accepted. Those seeking Canadian citizenship must additionally achieve the minimum language requirements, which are often one of the following:

  • A transcript or diploma from postsecondary education in English or French
  • language test results from an accredited testing organization;
  • or evidence of success for the Canadian Level Benchmark 4 or above.

Some candidates may additionally be required to attend an interview with a citizenship judge. Citizenship candidates who satisfy all eligibility conditions and pass all examinations (and, if necessary, an interview) must attend a citizenship ceremony to acquire their certificate of Canadian citizenship and become legal Canadian citizens.


Citizenship Requirements

Significant changes to Canadian citizenship legislation went into effect in late 2017, making the process of applying for Canadian citizenship quicker and simpler than before.

Permanent residents who want to become Canadian citizens must satisfy the following criteria:

  • Have resided in Canada for three years (1,095 days) before signing and submitting your citizenship application. Days spent physically in Canada as a student, visitor, employee, transitory resident, or protected person over the past five years may be counted as one-half day toward the 1,095 day total;
  • Comply with the linguistic prerequisites in either English or French. Applicants in the age range of 18 and 54 years must provide proof of language competency.
  • To pass the Canadian citizen exam once their application is granted, they must have a fundamental understanding of a Canadian citizen’s rights and obligations, as well as an awareness of Canadian history, geography, and political system.
  • There must be no criminal past that would preclude the awarding of Canadian citizenship.


Citizenship ineligibility

Applicants for citizenship, on the other hand, will be refused if they:

  • Are not permanent residents of Canada;
  • Do not fulfill the minimal residence criteria or are unable to produce proof of residency;
  • Do not have the required language skills in either English or French;
  • Fail their citizenship exam and/or interview in Canada;
  • Have been ordered to go from Canada;
  • Have you been convicted of a crime in the recent three years?
  • Their citizenship has been revoked;
  • Are on parole, probation, or incarcerated;
  • Have been convicted or are being investigated for committing a crime against humanity or a war crime.

Is it possible to obtain Canadian citizenship without taking the IELTS?

With rare exceptions, while seeking Canadian citizenship, one must first demonstrate adequate linguistic skills in English or French.

A candidate may show proof of completion of a post-secondary certificate in English or French instead. A diploma, transcript, or certificate may be used as proof of completion.

Furthermore, candidates under the age of 18 or beyond the age of 54 are not required to show their language skills.

Language competency can be proven if necessary by recognized testing organizations such as IELTS, CELPIP, TEF, or TEFAQ.


Can I obtain Canadian citizenship if I do not live in Canada?

Permanent residents must have resided in Canada for at least three of the last five years in order to apply for Canadian citizenship. Provided a permanent resident has not resided in Canada for a minimum of three years (1,095 days), they may still be allowed to include the time spent abroad if one of the following conditions is met:

  • They or their spouse were a permanent resident working in or with the Canadian Armed Forces, federal public administration, or provincial or territorial public service.
  • They were living outside of Canada with a Canadian spouse or common-law partner.


Is it possible to obtain Canadian citizenship before even obtaining PR status?

Before becoming a Canadian citizen, one has to first migrate to Canada as a Permanent Resident (PR) and complete the citizenship criteria.

Is the application for Canadian citizenship free?

The current Liberal administration vowed in 2019 that if re-elected, they will abolish citizenship costs. This has still not been implemented, and the government has not provided a timetable for when it will be.

The current fees for processing citizenship applications are $630 CAD per adult and $200 CAD each kid.

Is it possible to have one’s Canadian citizenship revoked or lost?

The government may remove a person’s citizenship if it was earned via deception, fraud, or willfully concealing significant circumstances, according to the Canadian Citizenship Act.

Can Canadian citizenship be revoked?

Citizenship in Canada never expires. Canadian citizenship, unlike temporary residency, does not have to be renewed. Canadian nationals are likewise exempt from meeting minimum residence requirements in order to keep their citizenship.

Is it necessary for a kid to complete the three-year minimum residency requirement in order to be qualified for Canadian citizenship if they apply with their parent?

No. Permanent resident children under the age of 18 who apply alongside their parents do not need to have been present physically in Canada for three years (1,095 days) in order to apply for citizenship.

Can I maintain my dual citizenship in Canada?

Yes. Because Canada accepts dual citizenship, new immigrants will be allowed to keep their previous citizenship. However, permanent residents who want to become Canadian citizens should be sure their existing country recognizes dual or multiple citizenship.

How long must I wait before applying for Canadian citizenship?

Permanent residents who want to become Canadian citizens must have lived in Canada for at least 1,095 days in the five years before their application. Citizenship may be awarded to persons who do not satisfy the minimum residency requirement under exceptional situations. This rule does not apply to children under the age of 18.

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